Coptic Church


Coptic Church
   Egyptian Christianity developed during the 1st century AD under the patriarch of Alexandria. The Copticscript was used to translate the Holy Scriptures and religious works. Strains soon appeared between the orthodox formula for the nature of Christ, which was two natures—human and divine intermingled—as set down by the councils of Nicaea in 334 and Chalcedon in 454, and the belief in Egypt of one divine nature known as Monophysitism. After failing to find a compromise, the Byzantine emperors, with the support of the Roman popes, sought to impose orthodoxy in Egypt, leading to a schism when a Coptic patriarch of Alexandria was elected in opposition to the orthodox one. Most Egyptians supported the Coptic church, and their loyalty to the emperor was weakened, facilitating the Arab conquest. This in turn led to the eventual decline of the native church, since large parts of the population eventually converted to Islam, and the Coptic languagewas replaced by Arabic. The Coptic church is more vigorous at present than it was for several centuries.
   See also Benjamin; Religion.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coptic Church — The native church of Egypt or church of Alexandria, which in general organization and doctrines resembles the Roman Catholic Church, except that it holds to the Monophysitic doctrine which was condemned (a. d. 451) by the council of Chalcedon,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Coptic Church — Coptic Church, the a Christian religious group that is separate from the Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox churches, and was formed in Egypt in the 1st century AD. Although most Egyptians are Muslims, there is a small number of Coptic Christians …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Coptic Church — n. the native Christian church of Egypt and of Ethiopia, Monophysitic in doctrine …   English World dictionary

  • Coptic Church — the native Christian church in Egypt, governed by a patriarch and characterized by an adherence to Monophysitism and the use of the Coptic language in its liturgy. [1840 50] * * * …   Universalium

  • Coptic Church — noun the ancient Christian church of Egypt • Hypernyms: ↑church, ↑Christian church • Member Meronyms: ↑Copt …   Useful english dictionary

  • COPTIC CHURCH —    an African form of CHRISTIANITY which flourished in Egypt and Ethiopia. The Copts often practiced communal BAPTISM and have at times been monophysite in their CHRISTOLOGY. MONASTICISM has played an important role in Coptic religion …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Coptic Church — Cop′tic Church′ n. rel the Christian church in Egypt, governed by a patriarch and characterized by an adherence to Monophysitism …   From formal English to slang

  • Coptic Church — noun An Orthodox Church based in Egypt …   Wiktionary

  • Coptic church — native Christian church in Egypt …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Coptic Church —    The ancient Church of Egypt …   Who’s Who in Christianity